Members: 205,586 (192,119 regular - 13,467 associate)
(1954/55 first year that associate members were also counted)
Income: $857,806 ($233,060 in sponsorships)
Convention: St. Louis, Missouri - June 20-23, 1960
Heading a Home Owners Association, 33 year old, Morton J. Doughton elected president for a full term.
||Lewis A. Aronowitz
|| Jackson, TN
||Health and Safety
||O.W. Corbett, Jr.
||Organization & Policy
||Charles R. Ford
||Youth & Sports
||John E. Holgate
||Lewis M. "Mel" Johnson
||Fort Collins, CO
|| Myron H. Milder
||Dr. Herbert F. Stevens
||Fort Lauderdale, FL
||Records & Recognition
|| Duluth, MN
|General Legal Counsel: *
||Victor B. Levit
||San Francisco, CA
|Associate Legal Counsel: *
|Executive Vice President:*
||Ben L. Swanson
* Appointed position - only treasurer has a vote.
Atlanta, GA to host 1961 convention.
Morgan J. Doughton, the first bachelor to serve as Jaycee president in a decade, brought to the office a far ranging and imaginative approach which was to have tremendous impact on the organization. More than anything else, the 33-year-old Doughton led Jaycees to examine the basic purposes of the young men's movement and to look ahead to the future.
The 1960-61 Jaycee president was a Magna Cum Laude graduate of Harvard University in 1948, as well as a veteran of the Army Air Force. During his career as a Jaycee, Doughton had held most of the major offices, including presidency of his Allentown local and the Pennsylvania state organization, He served under President Clark in 1959-60 as national vice president in charge of public affairs, with assigned states of New York, Pennsylvania, Connecticut, New Jersey and Michigan.
At the time of his election Doughton headed his own business, the Allied Homeowners' Association of Greater Harrisburg, a clearinghouse for home repair and improvement needs.
Moving to Tulsa with Doughton to serve as first lady at the Jaycee White House was his mother, Mrs. Elizabeth Doughton No woman ever brought more warmth, generosity or interest to Tulsa as the organization's hostess.
Two things will always stand out concerning Doughton's year as president. First, under his leadership the USJCC Executive Committee appointed the Committee on Future Direction to offer recommendations and suggestions concerning the future growth and progress of the organization. Secondly, Doughton put great emphasis on the importance of membership growth. He pointed out, repeatedly, that membership increases in the USJCC had been insignificant for several years, and that because of the large number of extensions, the average size of chapters was actually decreasing. Persistence paid off, for the membership increase in 1960-61 was the best since 1955-56. Regular members increased from 184,010 to 192,119. Even more important, the years to come were to see continuation of this membership stress, with even more significant results.
One of Doughton's philosophical beliefs as president was that Jaycees should seek out the most demanding community challenges, rather than being unduly concerned with leadership training as such. As he put it, “challenges ‘bigger than men’ lead to responses ‘that make men bigger.’”
New Accent on Administration
President Doughton traveled extensively, with trips including a flight to Paris and the World Congress of Junior Chamber International. However, he was the first president to operate under a policy change which gave the top Jaycee officer the option of visiting only half of the states. Previously, a president was expected to visit every state. As a result, Doughton had more time to devote to administrative matters and the development of Jaycee philosophy.
Part of Doughton’s beliefs were conveyed in an article which appeared in the April 1961, issues of FUTURE and ACTION Magazines. Entitled, “The Future Is Ours,” it was reprinted in booklet form, with thousands of additional copies distributed. It was also entered in the Congressional Record. Doughton’s thinking was also to be the basis of a compilation of external policy, “The Freedom Manifesto,” published the year following his presidency.
Dual No. 1 Programs Continued
There were again two No. 1 programs in 1960-61. Community Development was the top external program and Individual and Internal Chapter Development the No. 1 internal program. These programs were, essentially, the same as the year before. Their weight in the Parade of States competition was increased, however, each counting 300 possible points for a total of 600 of a possible 1,000.
Projects Listed by Portfolio
The complete line-up of Active Community Service Programs for 1960-61 was as follows, listed by portfolio:
- Internal Affairs Portfolio – Internal Chapter Development and Extension;
- Leadership Training Portfolio – Individual Development, including Speak-Up Jaycee, SPOKE and Parliamentary Procedure;
- Records and Recognition Portfolio – Records and Recognition;
- Public Relations Portfolio – Jaycee Week-DSA - Bosses Night;
- Community Development Portfolio – Community Development;
- Community Health and Safety Portfolio – Community Health, Traffic Safety and Teen Age Safe Driving Road-e-o;
- International Relations Portfolio – 100 Per Cent Individual JCI Membership, On To Paris and Tibetan Rehabilitation;
- Public Affairs Portfolio – Outstanding Young Farmer, My True Security, Operation Survival, Governmental Affairs and Christmas and Religious Activities;
- Youth and Sports Portfolio – Junior Golf, Junior Tennis and Junior Champ
Notes on the New Programs
The majority of the programs listed above were carry over's from the previous year. A few were totally new, however, and require brief explanation. Tibetan Rehabilitation, an international relations program backed by JCI, saw Jaycees work to raise money to support Buxa Rehabilitation Camp in India, a haven for Tibetans who fled the Chinese oppression in their own land. The goal for the U.S. was $65,000 and approximately $25,000 was raised.
Operation Survival was sponsored by funds received from the Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization. It encouraged Jaycees to promote the building of home fallout shelters. There was some participation but on an overall basis chapters were more interested in community development programs of a more optimistic nature.
Junior Champ was an outgrowth of the Youth Fitness program which had also been sponsored by the Wheaties Sports Federation. An exclusive Jaycee program, it encouraged chapters to hold Olympic type track and field competitions for youngsters. In the years ahead, state and national competitions were to evolve.
The Work of the Committee on Future Direction
Early in the Doughton administration, the USJCC Executive Committee appointed the Committee on Future Direction to offer recommendations and suggestions concerning the growth and progress of the organization. Its members were: Bob Cox of Chapel Hill, North Carolina, 1958-59 national president; Philip Knox, Jr. of Oakland, California, former California state president and general legal counsel of the USJCC from 1956-58; John Taylor of Virginia, Illinois, a former state president and national vice president in 1959-60, and Larry Woodworth of Kent Washington, another past state president who was a national vice president in 1956-57.
With Knox as chairman, the committee met December 2-4, 1960, in Chicago. Backing the committee up with special assistance were President Doughton; Jerry Doran, national treasurer; Corky Corbett, vice president for organization and policy; and Dave Mueller, controller on the headquarters staff.
The overall recommendations of the committee were lengthy, but even a brief examination of them reveals the depth of the group's thinking. At the March, 1961, session of the USJCC Board of Directors and the 1961 national convention in Atlanta, about 70 percent of the recommendations were approved – many requiring by-law and policy changes. However, some of the more controversial sections of the committee report were sidelined.
Key recommendations included the following;
- The Community Development concept of programming is a healthy trend in the movement. A reduced number of major emphasis programs is desirable, and all should be oriented to this core concept.
- Far too many Jaycee chapters have fewer than 25 members. This situation should be remedied and minimum memberships set for locals.
- The USJCC Board of Directors should be cut to a size which would permit more effective decision making.
- Sagging membership in America’s larger cities indicates that in those cities with a population of more than a quarter million, multiple chapters are necessary.
- Serious consideration should be given to a name change to eliminate the confusion which exists between the Chamber of Commerce and Jaycee movements.
- State organizations must be strengthened, since most of them are not doing the job they should.
All-in-all, the report of the Committee on Future Direction was a bold attempt to face Jaycee problems. Many of the same ones exist even yet.
“My True Security” Winners Honored
One of Doughton's first duties as president came at the Second Annual ‘My True Security” Awards Program in Washington, D.C. Held June 26-28, the event followed just three days on the heels of Doughton's election as president.
Winning a $2,000 first place scholarship was Stephen Long, III, a high school senior from Jackson, Mississippi. He was one of 51 state winners present in the nation’s capital for the event, sponsored by the Jaycees and Mutual Benefit Life Insurance Company. Long's views on the subject of initiative and self-reliance were judged best of all the youngsters in the competition. Placing second and third, winning $1,000 and $750 scholarships, respectively, were Sunny Ustrich of North Hollywood, California, and Jacqueline Schulgen of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
At the event the young students had the opportunity to meet several top government officials, including Arthur S. Fleming, Secretary of Health Education and Welfare and J. Edgar Hoover, head of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, The awards banquet speaker was General Arthur Trudeau, chief of research and development for the Department of Army.
In its second year, local chapter participation in the “My True Security” program had hit 800. However, sponsoring Mutual Benefit Life Insurance Company announced, shortly after the finals in Washington, that it was shifting its sponsorship from “My True Security” to abroad-scale educational program it hoped Jaycees could devise.
Community Development Winners Honored
Arthur H. "Red" Motley publisher of Parade Magazine and originator of the well known quote: "Nothing happens till someone sells something."
The Second Annual Jaycee Community Development Seminar was held July 18-20 in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Downers Grove, Illinois, a chapter with just 29 members, won the first prize of $1,500. Enfield, Connecticut, was the second place winner and recipient of $1, 000, with Chattanooga, Tennessee, placing third and earning $500. Featured speaker at the program, co- sponsored by American Motors Corporation, was Arthur H. "Red" Motley, president of the Chamber of the Commerce of the U.S. and well known publisher "Parade" Magazine 1946 - 1970.
State Presidents Set Goals
State presidents and key national chairmen from across America
met in Tulsa July 22-23 to learn about the USJCC program for
1960-61. While in
the home city of War Memorial Headquarters,
these top Jaycee officers received briefings from President
Doughton and met in group discussions with the 10 national vice presidents.
Membership and extension quotas for the Parade of States competition were set. Jaycee leaders went home with a frank reminder from Doughton: “You have to run as fast as you can just to stay even. If you want to get ahead, you’ll have to run twice that fast!”
Road-e-o Contestants Meet Nixon, Kennedy
The Ninth Annual Safe Driving Road-e-o program was held August 8-11 in Washington, D. C. None of the state winners present will ever forget the event, for they had the chance to Visit with both, Vice President Richard Nixon and John F. Kennedy, U.S. Senator from Massachusetts and Democratic Party presidential candidate. Vice President Nixon congratulated the winners after the program-concluding awards banquet, while Senator Kennedy greeted the participants in his office.
Denton Lazenby of Miami, Oklahoma was the winner of the safe driving title for 1961, with second place going to Cecil Black III of Indianola, Mississippi, and third to James Harris of Speedway, Indiana.
Again co-sponsoring the event were the Jaycees, American Trucking Association, Chrysler Corporation, The Pure Oil Company and the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety.
Surprises Feature Tennis Championships
The 7th Annual International Jaycee Junior Tennis Championships were held August 1-6 in Midland, Texas. The winners in both the Junior and Boys divisions ignored seedings as they swept to victory.
Nabbing the junior title was Clark Graebner of Lakewood, Ohio. Seeded third, he defeated Nee 1 seeded Paul Palmer of Phoenix, Arizona. In the finals, 3-6, 6-3, 2-6, 6-1, 6-1. This long match, under the blazing West Texas sun, marked the last time for five set finals In Jaycee competition.
The Boys crown went to second seeded Steve Foster of North Hollywood, California, as he downed fellow Californian Gary Rose of San Pablo, 5-7, 6-1, 8-6, in the finals. Top seeded Ham Magill of Athens, Georgia, had been upset in an earlier round.
Doubles play in the Junior division saw the Missouri tandem of Cliff Buchholz and Jim Parker defeat Clark Graebner and fellow Ohioan Bob Archer, 8-10, 10-8, 6-3. In Boys doubles, Foster and Rose defeated Richard Carter and Lee Kantrow of Louisiana, 6-3, 6-1. Both the doubles winners were No. 1 seeded.
Other features of the event hosted by the Midland Jaycees included an instructional clinic with Ham Richardson and Bill Talbert, who played a match using the new Van A Hen Scoring and Service System (VASSS). An awards banquet speaker was Hoard E. Butt, Jr., Corpus Christi, Texas, Christian layman.
Raymond Floyd Garner s Golf Title
The 1960 version of the International Jaycee Golf Tournament set a record for participation, with 203 boys from 50 states taking part. There were also contestants from Japan and Panama.
Held in Waterloo, Iowa, the 15th annual golf spectacular was highlighted by the victory of one of the most powerful players ever to compete, Raymond Floyd of Fayetteville, North Carolina, He won by five strokes over his nearest opponent, Bruce Richards of Bellevue, Washington, Floyd also led the North Carolina team to the tourney's state championship.
One of golf's all-time greats, Gene Sarazen, addressed the awards banquet in Waterloo. National sponsors again included the Jaycees, Pepsi-Cola Company, the Athletic Institute, the National Golf Foundation and the National Golf Fund.
Debut for Girls' Tennis
Girls’ tennis got its Jaycee preview in late August in Wichita, Kansas, with the staging of an invitational tourney. There were a total of 24 participants from six states – Idaho, Iowa, Texas, Oklahoma, Missouri and Kansas – in the event hosted by the Wichita Jaycees. The success of this tourney was to lead to the incorporation of across-the-board girls' competition the following summer in East Lansing. Snaring the singles title in Wichita was Jane Carroll of Lake Jackson, Texas, who teamed with “Pinky” Shoemaker of San Antonio to take the doubles honors.
JCI Congress in Paris Sets Record
A record number of countries were represented at the 15th Junior Chamber International World Congress-held in Paris, France. More than 1,300 delegates from 48 countries were present.
Elected president was Peter Frankel of Brazil, who succeeded Milton Zapata of Puerto Rico. Vice presidents elected including Jeff Davis, also a USJCC vice president. Winning posts as commission directors from the U. S. were Ken Galloway, John Jones and Arthur Klein. Immediate Past USJCC President Bob Clark was named treasurer. Kenelm L. Shirk of the U. S. was appointed general legal counsel and Norman K. Schwarz of Miami Beach was selected as resident legal counsel.
Highlights included the naming of Kenelm L. Shirk as the outstanding Jaycee of the world in 1960. Chatham Canada was honored as outstanding chapter in JCI. Hong Kong was the choice to host the 1962 meeting of the organization.
100% JCI Membership Emphasized
There was great emphasis on the encouragement of 100% individual JCI membership. As a result the percentage of members voluntarily paying JCI dues increased from 71% to 94%. A year later the organization approved a by-law change requiring all chapters to belong to JCI on a 100% individual basis.
TOYM Program Held in Kansas City
America’s Ten Outstanding Young Men for 1960 were honored January 13-14 in Kansas City, Missouri. The top Jaycee awards program had particular significance during Doughton’s term, for it followed by only two months the election of John F. Kennedy as President of the United States. The election of Kennedy, a TOYM winner for 1946, seemed to add emphasis to the impact of young men in American life.
The TOYM honorees for 1960 included:
- Dr. Mac Carter Adams of Winchester, Massachusetts space scientist and deputy director of AVCO research laboratory who helped make possible the successful re-entry from space of an ICBM missile;
- John H. Nelson, crusading reporter on the Atlanta Constitution who won a Pulitzer prize for the shocking conditions at a mental hospital;
- Lt. Don Walsh, naval officer who descended a record breaking seven miles beneath the sea in the bathyscaphe Trieste;
- Robert A. Bicks, head of the antitrust division for the U. S. Department of Justice;
- George Cabot Lodge, assistant secretary of labor for international affairs;
- Doyle E. Conner, Florida commissioner of agriculture who was elected to the state legislature while a sophomore in college. At 28 he was speaker of the house;
- Harry W. Morgan, St. Paul, Minnesota, pioneer in "people-to-people" diplomacy and special assistant to the president of Macalester College;
- Rafer L. Johnson, Olympic gold medal winner who shattered the decathlon record with 8392 points;
- Dr. Robert S. Schwartz, Quincy, Massachusetts, medical researcher concerned with antibody reaction in tissue transplantation and provided a new approach to the treatment of certain diseases; and
- Dr. Richard L. Garwin, associate director of IBM's Watson Laboratory and one of the world's foremost young physicists.
The Kansas City Jaycees were in charge of the well-staged program; James H. Barickman was general chairman of the event, with Dr. John Miller the state president of the Junior Chamber.
Four Outstanding Young Farmers Program Discontinued
Because of loss of sponsorship from the American Petroleum Institute, the national Four Outstanding Young Farmers Awards program was not held in 1961. Interest was to continue at local and state level, however, and the FOYF program gained a new national sponsor in 1963 and was resumed.
USJCC Board Maps 1961-62 Programs
A commitment to growth was the highlight of the March 16 - 18 planning session of the USJCC Board of Directors in Tulsa. The 260 national directors set a goal of 234,000 regular members by the conclusion of the 1961-62 Jaycee year, and expressed the view that the organization should strive for 400,000 members by 1966.
Records show that neither of these goals was met. They also show, however, that membership growth began a significant upturn during Doughton's year as president and gained momentum in the next few years. The setting of these ambitious goals meant, more than anything else that Doughton had succeeded in selling his belief: "that the organization must grow if it were to speak with any validity for the young men of America."
As mentioned earlier, the Board approved about 70 percent of the recommendations of the Committee on Future Direction. Of particular importance was the endorsement of the Community Development concept of survey, analysis and action for every program area. The board also recommended that its own size be cut to make for more efficiency, but the by-law change necessary to implement this was not passed at the Atlanta national convention in June. However, the convention did change a by-law and eliminate the traditional board membership for immediate past national vice presidents and the immediate past national treasurer. This became effective July 1st 1962.
In other action, the directors adopted 19 Active Community Service programs and chose Louisville, Kentucky, as the site of the 1963 national convention. Speaking at the meeting were Orvin B. Fjare, former Jaycee vice president and Congressman from Montana, and Peter Frankel, JCI president.
“Operation Grassroots” Helps Small Locals
As had been noted by the Committee on Future Direction, a significant number of Jaycee chapters had 25 or fewer members. Realizing this Doughton sounded the alarm early in his administration to see that these groups secured extra help in the terms of special Visitations. A special “Operation Grassroots” survey was taken of these smaller chapters a total of 996 to determine how they were operating in terms of the Basic Ten Fundamentals of Chapter and Individual Development. Resulting was a new appreciation by state and local officers of the problems faced by such small groups, and the steps which must be taken to help them operate more effectively.
Basic Program materials Introduced
A number of particularly important program materials were introduced or developed during 1960-61. These items were of particular interest;
A new pamphlet entitled, “The Young Man Steps In,” was introduced in the November issue of FUTURE and subsequently printed by the thousands. Featuring striking art work, it was designed to sell employers and civic leaders on the values of Jaycee participation for young men.
At its March meeting, the USJCC Board of Directors gave its go-ahead signal for a comprehensive Chapter and Individual Development Manual, to be distributed as part of ACTION Magazine. Mailed in early summer of 1961 to incoming 1961-62 officers, it was a 40-page volume which served as a complete guide to internal programs, including material on all of the Basic Ten Fundamentals, SPOKE, Speak-Up Jaycee and Parliamentary Procedure. This manual, with additions and modifications, was still being used as the organization’s fundamental internal program tool in 1965-66 during the term of President James Skidmore. Its inclusion as part of ACTION Magazine put much vital information into the hands of all Jaycee officers for the first time. The material was compiled from many sources, but the big job of initial editing was handled by David C, Rohrer, program manager.
Realizing the need for more effective work at the state level, Doughton pushed for the development of a State Operations Manual to assist these organizations. It went to all newly-elected 1961-62 state presidents.
Doughton Testifies at Congressional Hearings
On May 16, President Doughton appeared before the House Ways and Means Committee in Washington, D.C. to give testimony on the Jaycees views on tax reform. He presented to the committee, engaged in a study of President Kennedy's tax proposals, a 5,000 word statement expressing the Jaycees’ support of the Herlong-Baker bills as a more equitable tax reform and a greater incentive to economic growth than the proposals offered by the administration. Support of the principles of Herlong-Baker tax reform was part of the USJCC Governmental Affairs program.
Membership and Extension
The continual emphasis by Doughton paid off in the biggest jump in regular members since 1955-56, with an increase from 184,010 to 192,119 during 1960-61. This was an increase of 8,109. The number of chapters increased from 3,922 to 4,141. Membership and extension figures are for June 1 of years mentioned.
US JCC Income
Income during 1960-61 totaled $857,806 of this $233,939 came from sponsors.
Headquarters Operation – Staff
The 1960-61 Jaycee year marked the third and final year of service for Executive Vice President Ben L. Swanson, who was to leave the organization in late summer of 1961. Chosen by the USJCC Executive committee to replace him, in action at the June national convention in Atlanta, was Max D. Nalley, who had been serving as Public Affairs manager.
In key staff positions, David Mueller continued as controller and David Rohrer again served as program manager.
Terrence John McCann 1960 Olympics bantam weight division of freestyle wrestling gold medallist
In recognition of the growing importance - of state organizations and the
of metropolitan chapters, an internal affairs assistant was added to
the staff to work with these groups. Joining the USJCC staff in this capacity late
in the Jaycee year was Jack Friedrich. State and metropolitan operations were
to have portfolio status the following year.
Bringing great credit to the organization was Terry McCann, production manager at USJCC Headquarters. He won a gold medal for himself and the United States in the 125-poound wrestling competition at the Olympic Games, held in Rome in summer of 1960.
Finally, USJCC Headquarters was featured on the cover of the Tulsa phone book.
National Convention Held in Atlanta
The Atlanta Jaycees again proved that they only stage hits. Hosting their second
national convention (the previous one was in 1955) they set an all-time registration
record of 6,935 delegates and wives.
Keynoting the convention was Governor Bert Combs of Kentucky, who emphasized our nation's need for leaders with integrity. Speaking to national directors, state presidents and other top Jaycees at the Keyman luncheon was DeMarquis D. Wyatt director of the office of programs for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
The convention forum stressed America's need to be prepared to combat the thrust of communism. Entitled “Time Out for Survival,” the forum speakers were Frank R. Barnett, director of research for the Richardson Foundation, Major William E. Mayer, U. S. Army Medical Corps; Vince J. Whibbs, Chairman of “Project Alert” and Charles B. (Bud) Wilkinson, athletic director and football coach at the University of Oklahoma and a special youth fitness consultant to President Kennedy.
In its business session, the convention adopted eight resolutions. Key ones included opposition to health care for the aged under Social Security (Medicare) encouragement of Jaycees to build fallout shelters and promote them in their communities and urging of a continuing policy of firm resistance to communist encroachment.
The convention naturally had its lighter phases. The get-acquainted party was sponsored by Coca-Cola and featured the trumpet artistry of Al Hirt. Miss America for 1961, Nancy Anne Fleming, also appeared to charm delegates. Serving an excellent barbecue meal was the Odessa Chuck Wagon Gang. The Parade of States was its usual two-hour success, with New Jersey marching first, followed by South Carolina and Georgia. All had perfect 1,000 point totals, but New Jersey had the best membership record. Respective state presidents were Harold Scherer, Isadore Lourie and Doug Blankenship.
Receiving the Harold A. Marks Memorial, symbolic of the best chapter in the United States, was Savannah, Georgia, led by President Bart Shea.
Special presidential citations were given in addition to the traditional awards. Ten chapters were honored for projects demanding unusual vision and courage. One of them went to the Ashland, Kentucky, Jaycees for their work in organizing a Jaycee group within the federal reformatory in their city.
Excitement all built up to the election of a new national president. The winner was Bob Conger of Jackson, Tennessee. He took the lead on the first ballot and held it all the way as he defeated fellow vice presidents John Holgate of Phoenix, Arizona; Lew Aronowitz of Albany, New York; and Dean Arbuckle of Jefferson, Iowa. Arbuckle withdrew from the race on the fourth ballot and Aronowitz stepped out at the beginning of the sixth round. This left a two-man race between Conger and Holgate, with Conger getting the majority and the presidency at the end of the sixth round of voting. In posting the win, Conger was the first man to take the early lead, and hold it, since 1958.