Members: 201,145 (187,446 regular - 13,699 associate)
(1954/55 first year that associate members were also counted)
Convention: Milwaukee WI - June 25-27, 1957
Attorney, 34 year old, Charles E. Shearer elected president for a full term.
||Salt Lake City, UT
||Clarence L. Blasier
||North Canton, OH
||Wayne A. Bowles
||Santa Fe, NM
||Chapel Hill, NC
||Youth and Sports
||Irving M. Gold
||Redwood City, CA
||Wallace R. Heatwole
||Kansas City, MO
||Safety and Health
||A. Park Shaw, Jr.
||Organization & Policy
||Ben D. Sisson
||New York, NY
|General Legal Counsel: *
||Phillip Knox, Jr.
||Los Angeles CA
|Executive Vice President:*
Roland T. Tibbetts
| Hartford, CT
* Appointed position - only treasurer has a vote.
Los Angeles, CA to host 1958 convention.
Heading the United States Junior Chamber of Commerce during 1957-58 was a 34-year-old attorney from Shelbyville, Indiana, Charles E. Shearer, Jr. Under Shearer's direction, the Jaycee movement in this country was to score successfully in almost every venture it undertook.
The new president had originally joined the Junior Chamber in 1949, getting his start with the Indianapolis chapter where he served as a director and vice president. On the state level, Shearer was state director, vice president, secretary, national director, and, finally, state president. As the Hoosier Jaycee president, he led Indiana to one of its greatest year s as Indiana climbed from 37th to 8th in the Parade of States rankings.
Shearer's outstanding work as a state president earned him a Clayton Frost award as one of the five top such officers in the country, and he was also honored as a local DSA winner and one of Indiana's Three Outstanding Young Men for 1956.
In addition to his Jaycee activities, Shearer worked in many other CIVIC organizations, including the Shelby County United Fund, Shelbyville Boys Club, Cerebral Palsy Board of Shelby County, Advisory Board of Mental Health, and local and state bar associations.
On a national level, Shearer also served as a vice president in 1956-57 under Wendell Ford, as man in charge of the public affairs portfolio and the number one program -- Civic Service Award.
Appropriately enough, the number one program for 1957-58 was entitled the “Jaycee Action Plan for Civic Service.” The important thing about this program was that it placed new emphasis on chapters carrying out programs developed at local level, rather than by the national organization.
Although there were six broad areas in which projects had to be completed for a chapter to qualify for a Civic Service Award, the only national project which had to be run by a local was the Community Development Survey and Action. This involved a complete survey of community needs, action to help remedy deficiencies that had been uncovered, and a final review of the survey and results of action taken.
Thus, the only specified project which a local had to complete to qualify for the Civic Service Award was actually general in nature, since the form it took was determined locally. The USJCC had come to realize that program planning at local level was often to lead to the most important work a Jaycee chapter could undertake.
In the six broad areas where chapter activity was prescribed (attitudes and public opinions, community development, training for leadership, internal affairs, operations beyond the community, and youth welfare) locals were offered many Class One projects by national. Among the most noteworthy were; Religion in American Life, Outstanding Young Farmers, SPOKE, Speak-Up for Government Economy, Great Decisions, Host to the World, and Operation Library.
Several of these are worthy of particular mention due to the emphasis they received, special awards programs which were held, or their promise for the future.
SPOKE for example, was a refinement of the Outstanding New Jaycee project of a year before, and set up standards whereby new members could qualify for an award by completing a specified number of activities. The whole idea behind SPOKE was to encourage new Jaycees to take part in the work of the chapter, since it was realized that inactive members tended to drop out while live-wire Jaycees usually retained their interest. The SPOKE program had a particularly active chairman in Virgil LeBow of Kansas City, Missouri, and by year's end had established itself as a top flight program. A national HUB group of state winners was organized at the Los Angeles convention.
Operation Library had actually been adopted on a national level by President Ford, but gained further momentum during 1957-58. The project had originated at local level in West Memphis, Arkansas, and the U. S. Junior Chamber of Commerce recognized its great potential. Jaycee chapters around the country began to think in terms of helping their local libraries as a result of the program and, in many communities, many libraries were established or facilities greatly improved through Junior Chamber effort.
Jaycee participation in Speak-Up for Government Economy was the last phase of the organization’s checking of the Hoover Report recommendations. Chapters which elected to adopt the project secured pledge s from citizens in their community promising to write to their congressmen and support the
In May of 1957 six Speak-Up for Government Economy winners were guests of the Citizens Committee on the Hoover Report as they spent three days in the nation's capital.
With all expenses paid by the Citizens Committee, the six winners met with many top government leaders in Washington, D. C., including Vice President Richard Nixon, Budget Director Maurice Stans, and Acting Secretary of Defense Donald A. Quarles. They also talked with Senators Lyndon Johnson of Texas and William Knowland of California.
The winners honored in Washington were:
- Jean H. Baird of Hayes, Kansas;
- John F. Campbell of Pampa, Texas;
Norman. M. Krivosha of Lincoln, Nebraska;
- Arthur F. Wilson of Garden City, Kansas;
- John M. Driscoll of West Point, Georgia; and
- Howard Klein of Atlanta, Georgia.
Interest in the project, “Decisions ‘57” paid off for four Jaycees in a program held during January in Buffalo, New York. Recognized for their outstanding work in the Decisions program, sponsored jointly by the Junior Chamber and the Foreign Policy Association were: William Shigley of Dayton, Ohio; John Brown of Kingston, Tennessee; Ivor Jones of Lincoln Park, Michigan; and Neal Creswell of Boise, Idaho.
“Decisions '57” was essentially a program whereby discussion groups were established in communities to consider various important international relations questions. Material to aid the discussion groups was provided by the Foreign Policy Association and it was hoped that Jaycees would take the initiative in organizing the groups. In some cities such as San Francisco, California, “Decisions” was an extremely successful endeavor.
One of the all-time Jaycee projects carne to an end in January of 1958 as the U.S. Junior Chamber of Commerce terminated its joint sponsorship of Voice of Democracy following the awards program in January.
The Voice of Democracy program had first been held in 1948, and gained stature quickly as more and more youngsters of high school age entered the contest in which they delivered speeches on the subject of democracy. The winners at community level recorded their speeches for judging at state competition, and the recordings of state winners went into the national finals where four co-equal winners were selected. Beginning in 1957 during Ford's administration, all state winners were given a free trip to Washington, while the four top winner s received $500 scholarships.
Although V.O.D. participation in fall of 1957 hit a new high, and the awards program in Washington was a success, the USJCC decided to terminate its project co-sponsorship with the Electronic Industries Association and the National Association of Radio and Television Broadcasters. It was felt by President Shearer and the organization that Jaycees were not receiving full cooperation from sponsors or their proper share of the credit for the success of Voice of Democracy, since Jaycees did almost all the work at local level across the country.
Voice of Democracy was to be replaced the following year by an improved program entitled, “My True Security,” co-sponsored by Mutual Benefit Life Insurance Company.
The standby programs such as Junior Golf and Tennis, Ten Outstanding Young Men and Outstanding Young Farmers again met with success during 1957-58.
The golf finals were held in Columbus, Ohio, on the tricky Ohio State University course. Snaring the title was hometown boy Jack Nicklaus, who edged John Konsek of Lancaster, New York. A total of 200 young golfers from 48 states were on hand for the links battling. Jack Nicklaus went on to win 18 major championships during his professional career and has been considered one of the best professional golfers of all time.
A new youth fitness program also carne into the Jaycee scene under sponsorship of the Wheaties Sports Federation. This was to develop into the vital Junior Champ program the following year.
In the tennis championshi.ps at Santa Monica, California, Allen Fox of Beverly Hills stroked his way past Larry Nagler of Roslyn Heights, New York, to win the 1957 Junior singles crown, Copping the boys title was Paul Palmer of Phoenix, who upset top- seeded Bobby Siska of San Francisco. Palmer had also been the boys champion in 1956.
Program took place in January at Phoenix, Arizona, where the organization met to name the Ten Outstanding Young Men for 1957. Honored were:
- Dr. Richard De Wall, surgeon who developed simplified mechanical heart-lung apparatus;
- Dr. Alfred J. Eggers Jr., aeronautical research scientist;
- Professor Chen Ning Yang, 1957 Nobel Prize winner in the field of physics;
- Major David J. Simons, Air Force physician-scientist who broke the free balloon altitude mark;
- Dr. Keith E. Jensen, microbiologist;
- Senator Frank F. Church, senator from Idaho;
- Wilbert E. Chope, President and Founder of Industrial Nucleonics Corporation;
- Dwight D. Guilfoil,. President of Paraplegics Manufacturing Company;
- Dr. Thomas G. Baffes, developer of a surgical means of repairing heart vessels; and
- Dr. Robert E. L. Nesbitt Jr., researcher in the field of obstetrics and gynecology
The fourth annual search for America's Outstanding Young Farmers carried on during the winter and spring by nearly 1,000 Jaycee chapters in 47 states, Hawaii and Alaska reached a successful conclusion during April in Indianapolis, Indiana.
The 47 state and territorial winners were present at Indianapolis for the Outstanding Young Farmers banquet and the dramatic naming of the four top winners for 1957. More than 1,200 were in attendance at the banquet at which the awards were made.
Named the four top young farmers were:
- Cyrille O. Faure, Porterville, California;
- Thomas J. LaChance, Somersville, Connecticut;
- Felix L. Bullard, Monticello, Florida; and
- William W. Erwin, Bourbon, Indiana
The OYF proceedings were featured by a banquet address by Senator Barry Goldwater of Arizona. Following the Congress, the winners went to Washington D.C. and New York City for a discussion with Secretary of Agriculture Ezra Taft Benson and an appearance on the Arthur Godfrey television program.
The sixth annual Safe Driving Road-e-o was held in August in Washington D.C. with Charles Earl Hopkins of Atlanta, Georgia, snaring the title.
Like his predecessors, President Shearer traveled extensively during his term as president and by far the longest journey came in conjunction with his attendance at the Junior Chamber International World Congress in Tokyo, Japan. The world congress held in October saw 260 representatives from 26 nations converge on Tokyo. The United States contingent totaled 60, including six wives, and was headed by Shearer and JCI President Ira Kaye.
By far the largest delegation, however, belonged to host Japan, which had 1,100 men at the congress.
Key business at this congress included the election of Alberto Philippe as 1958 JCI President. Chosen as North American Vice President was Steve Knight of the United States.
The trip to and from Asia, as well as the actual congress, was an unforgettable experience for the Jaycees and their wives. This was particularly true in the case of Shearer and his wife.
Enroute to Japan, the Shearers made a side trip to Alaska, the first official visitation of a U.S. Jaycee president in that territory since 1942!
Never to be forgotten at the congress itself, was one of the rare public appearances of the Crown Prince of Japan, who greeted the delegates at the opening session.
Various return routes were taken by the U.S. delegates. The Shearers and other s were honored at a reception held by the widow of former President Ramon Magsaysay in Manila, Philippine Islands, after a stop at Hong Kong.
During Shearers year, JCI affair s received a heavy emphasis in this country, with particular stress given to “Host to the World” activities and the campaign for 100% individual JCI membership.
Since Minneapolis, Minnesota, was to host the 1958 World Congress, the U.S. Jaycees were involved in projects both to encourage attendance and strengthen relations among JCI member countries In conjunction with "Host to the World, " chapters were encouraged to make arrangements to entertain Jaycees who would be in this country for the congress, and other locals exchanged letters, materials, photographs, recordings, etc" with Junior Chamber groups abroad.
Although every chapter was required to pay Jaycee dues as an organization, individual membership in JCI still remained optional. The U.S. Jaycees were encouraging local and state groups to approve by-law changes requiring individual membership. It was realized that only by such additional financial support could JCI continue to grow in importance. The 100% campaign enjoyed good success, and was to also be emphasized the following year.
From the standpoint of size, the number of chapters increased from 3,499 to 3,694 while individual membership swelled from 194,020 to 201,145.
Income increased from nearly $606,600 to $706,600.
Big jumps in income were registered in dues receipts, sale of jewelry, and supplies and sponsored programs. The dues increase to a figure of $2.50 per member voted at Milwaukee accounted for an increase in income from that source, while a growing awareness of the importance of sponsors led to new income in another area. Sponsors were becoming more and more important each year, and, in 1957-58, contributed $176,093 to the organization.
Advertising income on FUTURE magazine also began to take an upswing during the year, chiefly due to the work of a National Advertising Representative, Simon Goodman of New York City. Goodman was given a one year exclusive pact to sell FUTURE advertising, and, in the following administration, was to receive a five- year contract due to his successful efforts.
Realizing that a comprehensive account of the U.S. Junior Chamber’s growth in years should be compiled, President Shearer’s administration added a historian to the staff at national headquarters, with this man later slated to move into a regular department.
From the standpoint of the organization’s history, a milestone came in late July at St Louis, Missouri, as a monument was erected in Valhalla Cemetery to honor Henry Giessenbier, Jr., founder and first president of the USJCC. At the dedication ceremonies in St. Louis, the honored guest was Mrs. Soell, wife of Giessenbier.
Another innovation in 1957-58 was the hiring of a professional public relations counsel in New York City, Dine & Kalmus, to help the USJCC public relations staff in its work.
The convention to conclude Shearer’s administration was held in Los Angeles, California and was highlighted by a get-acquainted party in Disneyland and a special Jaycee premier of, the Cine-miracle movie production “Windjammer.”
The keynote speaker at Los Angeles was Dr. Nicholas Nyaradi, former minister from Hungary, but even more outstanding was the Leadership -- The Key Forum featuring Art Linkletter, Charles Luckman, Rev. Bob Richards and past Jaycee Presidents E. LaMar Buckner and Paul Bagwell.
Art Linkletter of People are Funny game analyzed “Getting People To Do Things,” and Luckman, former head of Lever Brother s Company, discussed “Leadership Demands Vision.” Rev. Richards, Olympic Champion Pole-Vaulter and 1956 TOYM winner scored the importance of the faith in God. Bagwell, a candidate for Governor in Michigan, was a natural for his talk on Leadership and Political Activity and Buckner impressed delegates with his presentation of the need for civic leadership.
An important by-law change was also approved in Los Angeles. This provided that beginning with a board meeting in March of 1959, Jaycee budgets and programs would be approved in advance. Thus, in March of 1959, the board was to meet in Tulsa and decide upon the program s to be carried out during the 1959-60 Junior Chamber year. As the organization grew larger, the need for pre-planning had become more apparent.
Elected 1958-59 national Jaycee President was Bob Cox, who was named on the 15th ballot as he defeated Clarence Blazier, Wally Heatwole, and Dixie Lynch.