State: California

City: Los Angeles

Chapters: 258

Members: 40,000*

Convention: Miami, FL - June 20-23, 1934

Income: $12,000

Utilities Executive, Richard West elected president for a full term.

Vice President: Joseph H. Fox Birmingham, AL
Vice President: Carl R. Miller Decatur, IL
Vice President: Carl H. Roath Denver, CO
Vice President: Clifford Hendrix Atlanta, GA
Vice President: J. R. Knowland, Jr. Oakland, CA
Vice President: Louis Duane Louisville, KY
Vice President: Llyod R. Marti Lincoln, NE
Vice President: Walter E. Holman Portland, OR
Vice President: Erick Gambrell Dallas, TX
Vice President: Peter Ten Eyck Albany, NY
Treasurer:** E. H. Marshrey Los Angeles, CA
Executive Secretary: ***
National Office in Los Angeles
Sherman Humason** St. Paul, MN

Leroy M. Ober Norfolk, VA
Edwin Clement Memphis, TN
William E. Hoeflin St. Louis, MO
E. P. Leonard Columbus, OH
Harold A. Marks Phoenix, AZ
G. Glen Mumford Tulsa, OK
W. W. McEachern St. Petersburg, FL
B. B. Kerr Oklahoma City, OK
J. S. Sinclair Sioux City, OK
Charles H. Barber Lansing, MI
A.E. Francis Tyler, TX
Louis Stocking Milwaukee, WI
Lawrence Wingerter Indianapolis, IN
Allen Whitfield Des Moines, IA
Roland Maxwell Pasadena, CA
Byron Hanson St. Cloud, MN
T. C. Powell, Jr. Raleigh, NC
Byron Naylor San Antonio, TX
S. B. Benton Brandford, PA
R. H. Hinkson Topeka, KS
Thomas W. Sweeney
New York, NY
S. E. Thompson Vancouver, WA
Steven Park Kinney Boulder, CO
Austin Salisbury Boise, ID
George Bray Chicago, IL

* esitmated figure.

** Appointed position.

*** Duties began mid-year after nearly a one year vacancy in the position.

Columbus, OH to host 1935 convention.

The new president, E. Richard West of Los Angeles, California, came into the top Jaycee job with an extensive Junior Chamber background. His experience included stints as a local director, vice president and president, and duty as a national director and vice president. An executive assistant for the Southern California Edison Company, and business courses at the university of Southern California and UCLA.

One of the first major steps taken by West was to hire an executive secretary to replace Harry Krusz, who had resigned midway of the preceding administration. Because of financial difficulties, President Farrington had not secured a new man for the job, choosing to get along without a secretary for half of his term.

West, however, felt that a secretary could be financed, and, as a result, hired Sherman Humason of St. Paul, Minnesota. A charter member and past officer of the St. Paul chapter, Humason had attended all the national conventions since 1930.

Humason’s selection proved to be a good one, for, during his first year, he set a record for material sent out of national headquarters. His work in 1934-35 included over 115 complete mailings to member organizations. A total of over 43,000 pieces of mail left the national office in Los Angeles, 14,500 in the form of individually typed letters.

National headquarters for the year was in the Chamber of Commerce building in Los Angeles, where the senior organization provided free facilities consisting of a suite of offices, telephones, light, heat, office and mimeographing equipment, janitor service and many other items. It is estimated that this help resulted in a saving of several thousand dollars for the Junior Chamber.

The question of permanent headquarters for national was also one of the big concerns of the West administration, since an offer had been received from the Chamber of Commerce of the U.S. for permanent offices in that organization’s building in Washington, D. C.

This matter was discussed at a Jaycee board meeting in the fall of 1934, and the directors voted to accept such an offer.

However, definite action would have to come at the Columbus convention in 1935. As it turned out, the USJCC was never destined to move to the Chamber of Commerce national offices, but set up its first permanent headquarters in November of 1935 in St. Louis.

Of top importance among Jaycee programs for the year was Americanism, headed by Committee Chairman Leroy Own. During the term, as Owen reported, 150 local Jaycee clubs participated in Americanism in some way. Essay contests in the schools were most popular.

As President West remarks in his annual report, the rising tide of Communism was posing a serious threat to American institutions. This meant that it was important to not only fight Communism as had been pointed out in the resolution to that effect in Miami but to further our own beliefs in the American way of life.

To advance the cause of Americanism and Anti Communism, a manual was issued, entitled, “A Call to Action.” Other organizations were participating in Americanism programs of a similar nature, and the Jaycees were actively cooperating and working with the American Legion and Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. As a number of speakers were to point out at the upcoming Columbus convention, the danger to America was far greater than most people realized.
During the year, committees were also working in the fields of juvenile crime prevention, municipal taxation, government economy, conservation, and in most of the old standby areas such as aviation and city beautification.

Publicity for the national organization was good in 1934-35, and President West speaking three times on a nationwide hookup, and on 37 local programs. Then, on January 22,1935, most of the organizations affiliated with national, observed the 15th anniversary of the Junior Chamber’s founding. West spoke over CBS from Los Angeles and the controls were switched to Dallas, Chicago, and Washington, D.C., to complete the broadcast. Responsible for this unique DSA broadcast was Bert Phillips, radio committee chairman.

The granting of Distinguished Service Awards was becoming more prevalent and in 1935 over 120 locals conferred the honor.

The last known report of the International Executive Council of Junior Chambers also came during the administration of President West. The U.S. delegates were Linton M. Collins of Washington, D. C. and Alphone Ragland of Dallas. These men reported having carried out correspondence with Junior Chambers throughout the world. International Relations under William Galloway of Birmingham, Alabama, were also being furthered. Galloway was chairman of the committee on South and Central American Relations.

President West came up with a “Jaycee First” when he visited Canada while in the Pacific Northwest for a meeting. Receiving an invitation to address the Winnipeg and Vancouver Junior Chambers, he accepted and became the first USJCC chief executive to make an official appearance in Canada.

The Junior Chamber was maintained on a sound financial level under West, although a minor change in the dues structure had been effected. The dues were switched to a flat 50 cents per member, instead of being computed on a scale based on chapter membership strength. Actually, the change meant slight reduction in income, since under the previous system the charges amounted to more than 50 cents per man for locals on the lower edge of a particular dues bracket. In addition to this, charter fees were waived for the year.

Actual income from the year was about $12,000 and expenses about $11,400, which meant that the organization was operating in the black by a small margin.

News bulletins from national headquarters had again served the purposes of a Jaycee magazine, since a special report indicated that the time was not yet ripe for another venture into the publishing world. It was under the following President, Allen Whitfield that Young Executive was to be brought back into the fold as the official magazine of the organization.

The 1935 convention in Columbus was one of the most interesting of the 1930’s, since it featured speeches on such timely subjects as Communism, fingerprinting and pacifism activity in the United States.

Commenting on the danger of Communism in the country was H. L. Chaillaux, Americanism Committee Chairman of the American Legion. Samuel A. Clement of the U.S. Navy gave a sting address on: Radical pacifism Activity in the United States as it related to the Armed Forces.” Commander Clement emphasized that many of the groups which support pacifism and weakening of our military forces are Communist inspired or dominated.

The Jaycee Americanism campaign was also commended at the convention by Lt. Col. Frederick A. Price, who said that the War Department was keenly interested in the organization’s program.

Still another speaker at the convention was Honorable Francis B. Sayre, who predicted that world war would come soon if the complex problems of the world could not be settled.

Robert Fouke’s address on fingerprinting was also proved vital to the Junior Chamber, since it led to acceptance of programs furthering the adoption of that practice in the country. Fouke proved the importance of fingerprinting in stopping crime, and as one of the few nearly “fool-proof” systems of identification.

Other speakers at Columbus included John W. Bricker, the Attorney General of Ohio and later destined to be governor and an unsuccessful candidate for Vice President on the Republican ticket in 1944, as running mate to Thomas Dewey. Also noteworthy was James Lin, son of the first President of the Republic of China, Sun-Yat Sen.

Making an appearance at Columbus was Henry Giessenbier, Jr., founder of the Jaycee movement. Sickness and personal troubles had kept “Hy” away from the meetings for several years, but he made the trek to Columbus, along with Andy Mungenast – another of the St. Louis greats. The convention in 1935 was to be the last for Giessenbier, for he died in the fall of that year.

The presence of Giessenbier and Mungenast was appropriate since West had designated the Columbus convention as a homecoming for the past Jaycee officers and directors. Conventions in the 1930’s – even more than at present – placed great emphasis on the “let’s have fun” theme, and spirits ran high. Costumes – much like those of today – had been in the vogue for several years, and pranks, demonstrations, cap gun firing and other conventioneering activities were common.

Although many Jaycees would like to see conventions which are “All business,” it must be realized that the typical delegate was also out for a good time. This aspect of the conventions is well summarized by one of the honorary vice presidents of the United States Junior Chamber, M. R. “Beans” Latimer of Denver, Colorado.

Latimer was named an honorary officer in 1949 for long service as the national “Jester” and founder of the Exhausted Rooster, an ex-officio group composed of old-timers. Latimer was first appointed “Jester” by West, and renamed yearly until 1948. Latimer attended 15 consecutive conventions beginning in 1933.

Referring to Jaycee conventions in general, Latimer had this to say:

“… I now feel that I had a big part in helping the Jaycee movement, because I do believe very strongly that the fun of raising hell and having fun at Jaycee activities is the driving force that made us, as young men, love the Junior Chamber, and, in turn, we just naturally worked harder and thus accomplished more. We worked harder for expansion because we wanted more fellows to enjoy what we were enjoying.

“To further emphasize the fun angle, I will wager that not one former Jaycee in 1,000 who attended any Jaycee convention, state, regional or national meeting from 1920 to 1940 can tell you one thought that was spoken in serious talk, but he can tell you about the “wake” the date he had in Columbus, the bunch from Arizona who cooked, camp style, their breakfast in front of the Peabody Hotel in Memphis, etc., etc., etc.”

Latimer is perhaps exaggerating, but he does make it crystal clear that, despite all the serious talk, much of the incentive for attendance – by the average delegate rather than the national officer was to have a good time. In either case, to not mention Latimer in a history of the Jaycees would be like taking the fireworks out of Fourth of July and simply leaving the patriotic talks.

It is well to leave the West administration realizing that the Junior Chamber was a youthful organization, the budget still small, and without permanent headquarters. There were 258 affiliated groups in the fold, and probably about 40,000 individual members, but there was still a long way to go to develop the modern Jaycee operation. 

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